ALL ABOUT DACHSHUNDS
Dachshunds are even in temperament and eager to please. Firm, consistent
training is required early on to make a Dachsie understand that you are in
charge. Many breed members are stubborn, or tenacious They are relatively
independent and able to entertain themselves for hours on end (they always keep
you laughing at their funny antics), and yet they love to be by your side if
possible and even in your bed under the covers. If you can not find your
dachshund, first always look under the couch pillows (never sit on one until you
do), under your bed covers, or they may
have crawled up in your pillow case. If you let them sleep with you, even though
most people who have said they would not are now eating their words, be prepared
to wake up to a cold nose in your face as they share you pillow. They love to
cuddle close to you. You will wake up several times during the night to scoot
your dachshund over that is sleeping upside down with all fours in the air. I
can not count how many times, I almost fell out of the bed because somehow one
of my 7 pound "big" dachshunds kept pushing me over. Despite the myth, they are
good with children as long as the child has been taught properly how to handle
and act around a dog. Like any breed, they do not like high pitch noises or feet
stomping around them. Would you? Remember, a puppy or dog
is not a toy or a plaything for any child. Dachshunds also love elderly folks as
well. I can not think of a more loveable dog that enjoys being curled up in a
lap or laying next to you. They make great little watch dogs and will alert you
of incoming visitors. Most Dachshunds are sweet and thrive on praise and affection- avoid rough
handling as some dogs can become aggressive. With other dogs they are quite
tolerant, even inviting. Once owned by a dachshund, you will find there is no
AKC Dachshund Breed Standard
Low to ground, long in body and short of leg, with robust muscular development;
the skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling. Appearing
neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped in his capacity for movement, the
Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head carriage and
intelligent, alert facial expression. His hunting spirit, good nose, loud tongue
and distinctive build make him well-suited for below-ground work and for beating
the bush. His keen nose gives him an advantage over most other breeds for
trailing. NOTE: Inasmuch as the Dachshund is a hunting dog, scars from honorable
wounds shall not be considered a fault.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature; miniatures are not a
separate classification but compete in a class division for "11 pounds and under
at 12 months of age and older." Weight of the standard size is usually between
16 and 32 pounds.
Viewed from above or from the side, the head tapers uniformly to the tip of the
nose. The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped and dark-rimmed, with an
energetic, pleasant expression; not piercing; very dark in color. The bridge
bones over the eyes are strongly prominent. Wall eyes, except in the case of
dappled dogs, are a serious fault. The ears are set near the top of the head,
not too far forward, of moderate length, rounded, not narrow, pointed, or
folded. Their carriage, when animated, is with the forward edge just touching
the cheek so that the ears frame the face. The skull is slightly arched, neither
too broad nor too narrow, and slopes gradually with little perceptible stop into
the finely-formed, slightly arched muzzle, giving a
Roman appearance. Lips are tightly stretched, well
covering the lower jaw. Nostrils well open. Jaws opening wide and hinged well
back of the eyes, with strongly developed bones and teeth. Teeth-Powerful
canine teeth; teeth fit closely together in a scissors bite. An even bite is a
minor fault. Any other deviation is a serious fault.
Long, muscular, clean-cut, without dewlap, slightly arched in the nape, flowing
gracefully into the shoulders without creating the impression of a right angle.
The trunk is long and fully muscled. When viewed in profile, the back lies in
the straightest possible line between the withers and the short, very slightly
arched loin. A body that hangs loosely between the shoulders is a serious
fault. Abdomen-Slightly drawn up.
For effective underground work, the front must be strong, deep, long and cleanly
muscled. Forequarters in detail: Chest -The breast-bone is strongly
prominent in front so that on either side a depression or dimple appears. When
viewed from the front, the thorax appears oval and extends downward to the
mid-point of the forearm. The enclosing structure of the well-sprung ribs
appears full and oval to allow, by its ample capacity, complete development of
heart and lungs. The keel merges gradually into the line of the abdomen and
extends well beyond the front legs. Viewed in profile, the lowest point of the
breast line is covered by the front leg. Shoulder blades-long, broad,
well-laid back and firmly placed upon the fully developed thorax, closely fitted
at the withers, furnished with hard yet pliable muscles. Upper Arm-Ideally
the same length as the shoulder blade and at right angles to the latter, strong
of bone and hard of muscle, lying close to the ribs, with elbows close to the
body, yet capable of free movement. Forearm–Short; supplied with hard
yet pliable muscles on the front and outside, with tightly stretched tendons on
the inside and at the back, slightly curved inwards. The joints between the
forearms and the feet (wrists) are closer together than the shoulder joints, so
that the front does not appear absolutely straight. The inclined shoulder
blades, upper arms and curved forearms form parentheses that enclose the
ribcage, creating the correct “wraparound front.” Knuckling over is a
disqualifying fault. Feet-Front paws are full, tight, compact, with
well-arched toes and tough, thick pads. They may be equally inclined a trifle
outward. There are five toes, four in use, close together with a pronounced arch
and strong, short nails. Front dewclaws may be removed.
Strong and cleanly muscled. The pelvis, the thigh, the second thigh, and the
rear pastern are ideally the same length and give the appearance of a series of
right angles. From the rear, the thighs are strong and powerful. The legs turn
neither in nor out. Rear pasterns - Short and strong, perpendicular to the
second thigh bone. When viewed from behind, they are upright and parallel.
Feet-Hind Paws - Smaller than the front paws with four compactly closed and
arched toes with tough, thick pads. The entire foot points straight ahead and is
balanced equally on the ball and not merely on the toes. Rear dewclaws should be
removed.Croup- Long, rounded and full, sinking slightly toward
the tail. Tail-Set in continuation of the spine, extending without
kinks, twists, or pronounced curvature, and not carried too gaily.
Fluid and smooth. Forelegs reach well forward, without much lift, in unison with
the driving action of hind legs. The correct shoulder assembly and well-fitted
elbows allow the long, free stride in front. Viewed from the front, the legs do
not move in exact parallel planes, but incline slightly inward. Hind legs drive
on a line with the forelegs, with hock joints and rear pasterns (metatarsus)
turning neither in nor out. The propulsion of the hind leg depends on the dog’s
ability to carry the hind leg to complete extension. Viewed in profile, the
forward reach of the hind leg equals the rear extension. The thrust of correct
movement is seen when the rear pads are clearly exposed during rear extension.
Rear feet do not reach upward toward the abdomen and there is no appearance of
walking on the rear pasterns.Feet must travel parallel to the line of motion
with no tendency to swing out, cross over, or interfere with each other. Short,
choppy movement, rolling or high-stepping gait, close or overly wide coming or
going are incorrect. The Dachshund must have agility, freedom of movement, and
endurance to do the work for which he was developed.
The Dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness,
persevering in above- and below-ground work, with all the senses
well-developed. Any display of shyness is a serious fault.
Special Characteristics of the Three Coat Varieties
The Dachshund is bred with three varieties of coat: (1) Smooth; (2) Wirehaired;
(3) Longhaired and is shown in two sizes, standard and miniature. All three
varieties and both sizes must conform to the characteristics already specified.
The following features are applicable for each variety:
Coat-Short, smooth and shining. Should be neither too long nor too
thick. Ears not leathery. Tail-Gradually tapered to a point, well but
not too richly haired. Long sleek bristles on the underside are considered a
patch of strong-growing hair, not a fault. A brush tail is a fault, as is also a
partly or wholly hairless tail.
Color of Hair-Although base color is immaterial, certain patterns
and basic colors predominate. One-colored Dachshunds include red and cream, with
or without a shading of interspersed dark hairs. A small amount of white on the
chest is acceptable, but not desirable. Nose and nails-black.
Two-colored Dachshunds include black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) and
fawn (Isabella), each with deep, rich tan or cream markings over the eyes, on
the sides of the jaw and underlip, on the inner edge of the ear, front, breast,
sometimes on the throat, inside and behind the front legs, on the paws and
around the anus, and from there to about one-third to one-half of the length of
the tail on the underside. Undue prominence of tan or cream markings is
undesirable. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable but not
desirable. Nose and nails-in the case of black dogs, black; for chocolate and
all other colors, dark brown, but self-colored is acceptable.
Dappled dachshunds-The dapple (merle) pattern is expressed as lighter-colored
areas contrasting with the darker base color, which may be any acceptable color.
Neither the light nor the dark color should predominate. Nose and nails are the
same as for one- and two-colored Dachshunds. Partial or wholly blue (wall) eyes
are as acceptable as dark eyes. A large area of white on the chest of a dapple
Brindle is a pattern (as opposed to a color) in which black or dark stripes
occur over the entire body although in some specimens the pattern may be visible
only in the tan points.
Sable-the sable pattern consists of a uniform dark overlay on red dogs. The
overlay hairs are double-pigmented, with the tip of each hair much darker than
the base color. The pattern usually displays a widow’s peak on the head. Nose,
nails and eye rims are black. Eyes are dark, the darker the better.
Coat-With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body
is covered with a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard, outer coat but with
finer, somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat) everywhere distributed between
the coarser hairs. The absence of an undercoat is a fault. The distinctive
facial furnishings include a beard and eyebrows. On the ears the hair is shorter
than on the body, almost smooth. The general arrangement of the hair is such
that the wirehaired Dachshund, when viewed from a distance, resembles the smooth.
Any sort of soft hair in the outercoat, wherever found on the body, especially
on the top of the head, is a fault. The same is true of long, curly, or
wavy hair, or hair that sticks out irregularly in all directions. Tail-Robust,
thickly haired, gradually tapering to a point. A flag tail is a fault. Color
of Hair-While the most common colors are wild boar, black and tan, and
various shades of red, all colors and patterns listed aboveare admissible.
Wild boar (agouti) appears as banding of the individual hairs and imparts an
overall grizzled effect which is most often seen on wirehaired Dachshunds, but
may also appear on other coats. Tan points may or may not be evident. Variations
include red boar and chocolate-and-tan boar. Nose, nails and eye rims are black
on wild-boar and red-boar dachshunds. On chocolate-and-tan-boar dachshunds,
nose, nails, eye rims and eyes are self-colored, the darker the better.
A small amount of white on the chest, although acceptable, is not desirable.
Nose and nails-same as for the smooth variety.
Coat - The sleek, glistening, often slightly wavy hair
is longer under the neck and on forechest, the underside of the body, the ears
and behind the legs. The coat gives the dog an elegant appearance. Short hair on
the ear is not desirable. Too profuse a coat which masks type, equally long hair
over the whole body, a curly coat, or a pronounced parting on the back are
faults. Tail-Carried gracefully in prolongation of the spine; the hair attains
its greatest length here and forms a veritable flag. Color of Hair-Same
as for the smooth Dachshund. Nose and nails-same as for the smooth.
The foregoing description is that of the ideal Dachshund. Any deviation from
the above described dog must be penalized to the extent of the deviation keeping
in mind the importance of the contribution of the various features toward the
basic original purpose of the breed.
Knuckling over of front legs